“This means scientists can continue using the three spacecraft to study everything from the birth of the universe with Planck, and galaxies, stars, planets, comets, and asteroids with Spitzer, while Kepler is determining what percentage of Sun-like stars host potentially habitable Earth-like planets,” said Michael Werner from JPL.
Kepler has been approved for extension through fiscal year 2016, which ends September 30, 2016. All fiscal year 2015 and 2016 decisions are for planning purposes and will be revisited in the 2014 Senior Review. The extension provides four additional years to find Earth-sized planets in the habitable zone — the region in a planetary system where liquid water could exist on the surface of the orbiting planet — around Sun-like stars in our galaxy.
Spitzer, launched in 2003, continues to provide the astronomical community with its unique infrared images. It has continued to explore the cosmos since running out of coolant, as expected, in 2009. Among its many duties during its warm mission, the observatory is probing the atmospheres of planets beyond our Sun and investigating the glow of some of the most distant galaxies known. As requested by the project, Spitzer received two additional years of operations. Like other NASA missions, the Spitzer team will be able to apply for a further extension in 2014.
NASA will fund one additional year of U.S. participation in ESA’s Planck mission, for the U.S. Planck data center, and for operations of Planck’s Low Frequency Instrument. Planck, launched in 2009, is gathering data from the very early universe, shortly after its explosive birth in a Big Bang. Planck’s observations are yielding insight into the origin, evolution, and fate of our universe. The U.S. Planck team will apply for additional funding after a third data release has been approved by the European consortiums.