From the October 2005 issue

Phil Harrington’s binocular universe (December 2005)

In addition to M31, the Andromeda Galaxy, December's sky hosts several other galaxies bright enough to crack the binocular barrier.
By | Published: October 25, 2005 | Last updated on May 18, 2023
Recent studies show the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) could be bigger than thought previously.

Equipment used: Takahashi FS-60C refractor at f/4.4 with reducer/flattener, Canon 350D Rebel XT, ten 3-minute unguided subexposures)

Kevin Dixon
Although it may take especially dark skies and sharp eyes to see them, try your luck with these four galactic targets.
M33, the Great Spiral in Triangulum
M33 is large and faint, but it may be visible with the unaided eye under clear, dark conditions.

View this object with Star Dome.

NGC 7331, a spiral galaxy in Pegasus
At 9th magnitude, this galaxy may be visible as a tiny smudge just east of Delta (δ) Ceti.

View this object with Star Dome.

A Seyfert galaxy in Cetus
This galaxy’s small, concentrated disk makes it easier to spot through binoculars than its 9th-magnitude rating may imply.

View this region with Star Dome.

NGC 253, a spiral galaxy in Sculptor
Although located in the far southern sky for those of us at mid-northern latitudes, you can see 7th-magnitude NGC 253 if the sky is free of horizon-hugging haze.

View this object with Star Dome.