Open cluster NGC 2439, open cluster NGC 2506, and planetary nebula NGC 2610

February 26–March 5, 2015: Open cluster NGC 2439 in Puppis and NGC 2506 in Monoceros make nice targets for small-telescope owners, while planetary nebula NGC 2610 in Hydrda awaits large-telescope owners.
By | Published: February 26, 2015 | Last updated on May 18, 2023

This week’s large-telescope target, planetary nebula NGC 2610, lies 2° west of the magnitude 4.9 star 9 Hydrae.

Astronomy: Roen Kelly
Each week, Astronomy magazine Senior Editor Michael E. Bakich, a master at explaining how to observe, posts a podcast about three objects or events you can see in the sky.

Targets for February 26–March 5, 2015
Small-telescope: Open cluster NGC 2439
Small-telescope: Open cluster NGC 2506
8-inch or larger telescope: Planetary nebula NGC 2610

A pretty bright cluster

This week’s first small-telescope target is open cluster NGC 2439 in Puppis. It shines just out of range of naked eyes at magnitude 6.9 and measures 10′ across.

The easiest way to find it is to draw a line from magnitude 1.8 Wezen (Delta [δ] Canis Majoris) through magnitude 2.5 Aludra (Eta [η] Canis Majoris). Extend that line about an equal distance in the same direction, and you’ll land on NGC 2439.

Through a 4-inch telescope, you’ll see 15 stars forming a well-defined ring. R Puppis, a variable star that hovers around magnitude 6.6, lies at the northeastern edge. An additional 20 fainter stars surround the ring.

On the best nights with at least a 12-inch scope, look for the faint cluster Ruprecht 30. It appears as a light stellar dusting half as large as NGC 2439 lying 23′ to the brighter cluster’s northeast.

Diamonds on velvet
This week’s second small-scope object is open cluster NGC 2506 in Monoceros. Also known as Caldwell 54, this stellar group shines at magnitude 7.6 and measures 12′ across.

Look for it in the far southeastern corner of Monoceros, 0.5 from that constellation’s border with Puppis and less than 3 from its Hydra border. From magnitude 3.9 Alpha (α) Monocerotis, move 4.8 east-southeast, and you’ll land on NGC 2506.

Through a 4-inch telescope, this cluster’s stars all appear to be about the same brightness, but they have a wildly uneven distribution. Spread them out by using a magnification of 150x and you’ll see a clumpy center and lots of patterns: streamers, spiral “arms,” letters, and more.

Move up to a 12-inch scope at a magnification of 200x, and the scene gets interesting. The same 30 or 40 stars you saw through the smaller aperture now hang before a background glow that glistens like a diamond-encrusted black velvet sheet. The gaps between twisting lines of stars also appear wider and darker.

A nice planetary and more
This week’s large-telescope target is planetary nebula NGC 2610 in Hydra. You’ll find this magnitude 12.8 object in the Water Snake’s southwestern corner by sweeping 2° west of the magnitude 4.9 star 9 Hydrae.

Through anything less than a 16-inch telescope, this 37″-wide object appears circular and featureless, albeit with a pretty high surface brightness. Really big scopes show it as a thick ring with an elusive central star.

If you’re using a 16-inch or larger instrument, crank up the power and follow a line of two stars — the first, a nondescript magnitude 11.8 point and then magnitude 6.6 SAO 154395 — 6.5′ to the northeast.

When you center the latter star, you’re precisely halfway there. What you’re looking for is the ultra-faint galaxy PGC 902802, which glows unnoticed at magnitude 16.7. “PGC,” by the way, stands for the Catalogue of Principal Galaxies, first published in 1989.


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