Scientists at NASA's Johnson Space Center and the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History confirmed the unusual specimen is a coarse-grained type of gabbro similar to basaltic lava typically found in the lunar maria. What separates MIL 05035 from typical lunar meteorites is its very large crystals and the presence of maskelynite, a type of glass that forms during an intense shock like an impact event. The meteorite's large crystals suggest this Moon rock slowly cooled deep inside the lunar crust.
The only other meteorite known to be similar in composition to MIL 05035 is Asuka 881757, which is among the oldest known lunar basalt specimens. Like MIL 05035, Asuka 881757 was also found in the Antarctic. Scientists think MIL 05035 is also very old because of its highly shocked nature.
Scientists worldwide may request samples of MIL 05035 to conduct their own research. Those interested can contact the NASA's Astromaterials Curation web site
for more information.