Soil studies continue for Phoenix

The lander collected enough soil to begin analysis at the lander site.Provided by the University of Arizona, Tucson
By | Published: August 12, 2008 | Last updated on May 18, 2023
Phoenix’s Surface Stereo Imager took this false color image on Sol 72, the 72nd martian day after landing. It shows a soil sample from a trench informally called Rosy Red after being delivered to a gap between partially opened doors on the lander’s TEGA.
NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona/Texas A&M University
August 12, 2008
Vibration of the screen above a laboratory oven on NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander on August 9, succeeded in getting enough soil into the oven to begin analysis. Commands were sent for the lander’s Thermal and Evolved-Gas Analyzer (TEGA) to begin analysis Sunday of the soil sample from a trench called “Rosy Red.”

Phoenix’s robotic arm delivered soil Thursday from the Rosy Red trench through a narrow opening to a screen above the No. 5 oven on the lander’s TEGA. A few particles of the sample passed through the screen on Thursday, but not enough to fill the oven and allow analysis of the sample to begin. The Phoenix team sent commands for TEGA to vibrate the screen again on Friday, and more material reached the oven, though still not enough to proceed with analysis.

“There appear to be clumps blocking the opening,” Doug Ming of NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, the Phoenix team’s science lead, said on Friday. “However, we have seen in the past that when this soil sits for a while, it disperses. We intend to fill an oven with this material, either by additional vibration of the same screen or by opening doors to one of the other TEGA cells.”

Friday activities by the spacecraft included extending the width of an exploratory trench informally named “Neverland,” which extends between two rocks on the surface of the ground.

The lander last week also made overnight measurements of conductivity in the martian soil. The conductivity measurements completed August 6, ran from the afternoon of Phoenix’s 70th martian day, or sol, after landing to the morning of Sol 71. A fork-like probe inserted into the soil checks how well heat and electricity move through the soil from one prong to another.