Dawn launches

NASA's spacecraft takes off for its mission to the asteroid belt. Provided by NASA Headquarters, Washington, D.C.
By | Published: September 26, 2007 | Last updated on May 18, 2023
September 27, 2007
NASA’s Dawn spacecraft began its 1.7 billion mile journey through the inner solar system to study a pair of asteroids Thursday at 7:34 A.M. EDT.
Scheduled for launch this week, Dawn will use an ion propulsion system to journey to the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Once there, it will study Ceres, Vesta, and other asteroids with a suite of scientific instruments.
UCLA / William K. Hartmann
The Delta 2 rocket, fitted with nine strap-on solid-fuel boosters, safely climbed away from the Florida coastline and launch complex 17B at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. “We have our time machine up and flying,” said Dawn Principal Investigator Christopher Russell of the University of California, Los Angeles.

Dawn is scheduled to begin its exploration of Vesta in 2011 and Ceres in 2015. The two icons of the asteroid belt are located in orbit between Mars and Jupiter and have been witness to so much of our solar system’s history.

By using the same set of instruments at two separate destinations, scientists can more accurately formulate comparisons and contrasts. Dawn’s science instrument suite will measure shape, surface topography and tectonic history, elemental and mineral composition as well as seek out water-bearing minerals.

A critical milestone for the spacecraft comes in is acquiring its signal. The launch team expects that to occur in approximately 2 to 3 hours.