Spot some Leonid meteors: This Week in Astronomy with Dave Eicher

The Leonid meteors are one of the year’s best meteor showers — and also one of the most variable.
By | Published: November 13, 2023

One of the best meteor showers of the year is upon us — the Leonids. Named because they seem to radiate from a point in the constellation Leo, they will peak on Friday night and early Saturday morning, Nov. 17/18.

The best time to view them will be between midnight and 4 A.M., when the Earth is rotating into the stream of dust that produces the Leonids.

That river of particles is replenished by Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, a comet that swings through the inner solar system every 33 years, leaving a trail of dust in its wake. Compared to most bodies in the solar system, Tempel-Tuttle orbits backwards. This makes these meteors particularly quick, as the dust particles impact Earth at speeds of around 160,000 mph (258,000 km/h).

From a dark-sky site, there should be at least 10 good meteors per hour, but the Leonids are highly variable and sometimes produce a dazzling meteor storm. It all depends on how dense the dust stream happens to be where Earth passes through it.

You won’t need a telescope to see the Leonids — all you have to do is look up. However, you might want to bring a pair of binoculars to inspect any glowing “trains” left behind by any fireballs.

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