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Who first measured the speed of light? What method was used?

Stan Barnes, Grand Rapids, Michigan
August 2009 speed of light
Øle Christensen Rømer figured out that variations in eclipses of Jupiter’s moon Io meant that light must travel at a set speed. The eclipses happened earlier when Earth was closer to Jupiter because light from Io had less distance to travel; they happened later when Earth was farther away. Combining Rømer’s observations of Io and an estimate of the diameter of Earth’s orbit, Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens made the first calculation of light’s speed in 1678.
Astronomy: Roen Kelly
Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens made the first calculation of light's speed. The estimate was based on observations of when Jupiter's shadow eclipsed its tiny moon Io.

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